India Signed Paris Agreement
At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) was created with the aim of negotiating a legal instrument to tackle climate change from 2020. The resulting agreement is expected to be adopted in 2015.  In accordance with Article 28 of the Agreement, the parties may terminate the contract after notice of termination to the depositary. The denunciation may take place for the country no earlier than three years after the entry into force of the agreement. The revocation shall take effect one year after the notification of the depositary. The agreement also provides that withdrawal from the UNFCCC, under which the Paris Agreement was adopted, would also remove the state from the Paris Agreement. The conditions for exiting the UNFCCC are the same as those of the Paris Agreement. The agreement does not contain provisions on non-compliance. India, one of the world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, has ratified the global Paris climate agreement. India on Friday signed the historic Paris climate agreement with more than 170 nations, marking a significant milestone that brought together developing and industrialized countries to begin working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to combat global warming. India, the world`s fourth-largest carbon emitter with a population of 1.3 billion people, ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change on Sunday, making it the 62nd nation to join the agreement. On 4 November 2019, the United States notified the depositary of its withdrawal from the Agreement, which will take effect exactly one year after that date.  The amount of NDCs set by each country sets the objectives of that country.
However, the “contributions” themselves are not binding under international law, for lack of specificity, normative character or mandatory language necessary for the creation of binding norms.  In addition, there will be no mechanism to compel a country to set a target in its NPP by a set date, and no implementation if a target set out in a NSP is not met.   There will be only one “Name and Shame” system or, as János Pásztor, UN Under-Secretary-General for Climate Change, cbs News (USA) stated, a “Name and Encourage” plan.  Given that the agreement has no consequences if countries do not comply with their obligations, such a consensus is fragile. A stream of nations withdrawing from the agreement could trigger the withdrawal of other governments and lead to a total collapse of the agreement.  While the United States and Turkey are not part of the agreement, as they have not declared their intention to leave the 1992 UNFCCC, they will continue, as Annex 1 countries, to prepare national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory.  The implementation of the Agreement by all Member States is assessed every five years, with the first evaluation taking place in 2023. . . .