In November 2016, after the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov lost a MiG-29K fighter due to problems with interception cables, satellite images indicated that at least part of the air wing of the carrier`s MiG-29K and Sukhoi Su-33 aircraft had been moved to Khmeimim.  Khmeimim Air Base (Russian: Хмеймим), also Hmeimim Air Base, is a Syrian air base currently operated by Russia and located southeast of the city of Latakia in Hmeimim, Latakia Governorate, Syria. The airbase shares some airfield facilities with Bassel Al-Assad International Airport. The legal status of the base is governed by a treaty signed by Russia and Syria in August 2015. In late 2017, Russia said it had decided to turn the Khmeimim base into part of its standing military contingent stationed in Syria. In late December 2017, Russia announced that it would begin “forming a permanent group” in Khmeimim and its naval establishment in Tartus, after President Putin approved the structure and strength of the Tartus and Hmeymim bases.   The second clause of the Protocol provides that Russia is not obliged to pay compensation in exchange and that the measure will remain valid as long as the main agreement on the Russian military presence is still in force. With Iran and Turkey, Russia has negotiated localized ceasefire agreements between the Syrian army and rebel groups. This has led to a significant decrease in violence, although Assad`s armed forces have continued to exert pressure on pockets held by insurgents on the outskirts of Damascus, the capital, and on the rebel northwestern province of Idlib. Russia and Syria had already agreed in January on an agreement on permanent military bases, although it was only formally approved last week by the Russian House of Commons and Tuesday by the House of Lords, also known as the Federation Council. The final agreement has yet to be signed by Putin before it enters into force. The Khmeimim airbase was built in mid-2015 next to Bassel Al-Assad International Airport to serve as a “strategic center of Russian military intervention in the Syrian civil war.” [Citation required] The existence of the Russian strategic base was revealed in early September by the United States and U.S. officials expressed concern about the possibility of an escalation of the conflict in Syria.
The air base was commissioned on 30 September 2015.    The agreement signed on July 21 by representatives of the two countries and signed on July 30 A land and sea zone near the northern province of Latakia, where the Russian-controlled Hmeimim air base is located, entered into force on July 1. On the evening of October 13, 2019, the Russian army negotiated an agreement between the Kurdish YPG and the Syrian Arab Republic. The parties met at the Russian-operated Hmeimim airbase in Syria. The July agreement was concluded within the framework of the “First Protocol annexed to the agreement on the regulation of the military presence of the Russian Aerospace Forces on the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic”, concluded between the two parties on 26 August 2015. This agreement formally authorized direct Russian military intervention in the Syrian war. As part of the deal, Russia will also have unlimited access to the Hmeimim airbase, from which it has launched numerous airstrikes against Syrian rebel forces over the past two years. At the end of February 2016, a ceasefire coordination centre was established at the airbase, in response to developments in the Geneva peace talks, to coordinate the activities of the belligerents and “provide maximum assistance” to all parties involved in the recent ceasefire agreements; The Centre will not support ISIL, Al-Nusra and terrorist groups so designated by the UN Security Council. [Citation required] Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed a law that would ratify an agreement with the Syrian government allowing Moscow to keep its airbase in Syria for 49 years, with the possibility of “automatically extending the agreement to 25 years.” On January 12, 2018, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that the military had eliminated the group of militants who had fired at the Khmeimim airbase, near the western border of Idlib province, during a special operation.
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